Course Title: Facilities Sand Management
Target Audience: Engineers and operators involved with design and operation of facilities (onshore, offshore, or subsea) where sand production is an issue.
Learning Objectives: At the end of this course participants will be able to:
- Define and characterize oil & gas produced solids including key terms and concepts
- Design and specify piping, valves, and instruments for facilities with solids production
- Detail the five-step methodology for solids handling system design -Â separate, collect, clean, dewater, and transport – and how to integrate these steps into new or existing facilities
- Understand the operation and specify the design for key unit processes including liquid desander, multiphase (wellhead) desander, screen-filters, cyclonic jetting, and sand cleaning systems
- Identify a proper solids disposal route and how to design a dewatering and transport system into the solids handling system to meet the disposal requirements
Why You Should Attend: All oil & gas wells produce sand. Proper Facilities Sand Management simplifies production operations, extends facilities life, restarts shut-in wells, and can improve total hydrocarbon recovery.
Course Description and Topics Covered
Facilities Sand Management is tasked with the goal of ensuring sustained hydrocarbon production when particulate solids are present in well fluids, while minimizing the impact of these produced solids on surface equipment. Conventional sand management focuses on sand exclusion from the wellbore, either by production limits or completion design. Improper or failed completions result in high levels of sand production, and even proper completions will still pass some quantities of sand. An inclusion paradigm that all oil & gas wells produce sand, either now or in the future, deals with co-production of fluids and solids. A solids handling methodology incorporating separation, collection, cleaning, dewatering, transport, and disposal into new or existing facilities simplifies production operations, extends facilities life, restarts shut-in wells, can improve total hydrocarbon recovery, and allows sustainable hydrocarbon production.
Topics included in this course include (see after syllabus for module outlines);
- FSM-M1: Introduction to Facilities Sand Management
- FSM-M2: The Nature of Solids
- FSM-M3: Solids Handling
- FSM-M4: Liquid Desander
- FSM-M5: Multiphase Desander
- FSM-M6: Wellhead Screen-Filters
- FSM-M7: Separator Solids Removal and Cyclonic Jetting
- FSM-M8: Sand Cleaning
- FSM-M9: Solids Dewatering, Transport, and Disposal
- FSM-M10: Subsea Sand Management
- FSM-M11: Heavy Oil & Viscous Fluid Sand Management
- Participants should be familiar with oil and water treatment equipment, processes and systems, especially separations technologies
- Familiarity with mechanical design including ASME Section VIII for Pressure Vessels, ASME B31.3 for Process Piping, and API-6A for Wellhead Equipment would be useful
- Attendees need to bring relevant facilities designs and sand production problems to use as in-class exercises
Level of Learning: This is an intermediate to advanced course.