Heavy Oil & Viscous Fluid Sand Management – Key Items and Technical Paper References (B-FSM-193)
This post concludes the discussion on heavy oil & viscous fluid sand management. This series was started with post B-FSM-186.
Key Takeaway Items from the Heavy Oil & Viscous Fluid training Module
- Heavy oil production characteristics:
- Low WHP, low GOR, and low-med watercut
- May have low WHT, but always includes heating component somewhere in processing
- Always has high sand production
- Liquid viscosity is defining challenge for sand handling
- Density has small effect
- Coefficient of adhesion important overlooked parameter
- Other fluids encountered that have high viscosity
- Emulsions, gels, EOR liquids, etc.
- Multiphase Desander or Screen can be used
- Balance viscosity, pressure drop, and separation size
- Sand Cleaning requires heat/scrubbing/chemicals
- Sand Transport may be as oil-sand slurry
- Alaska Oil and Gas Association, “Heavy Oil vs. Light Oil”, http://www.aoga.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/HRES-3.10.11-Lunch-Learn-BP-Heavy-Oil1.pdf, March 2011.
- Boschee, P., “Sand Separation in Surface Facilities for Heavy and Extra Heavy Oil”, SPE Oil and Gas Facilities, October 2014, pp. 25-29.
- Chopra, S., Lines, L., Schmitt, D.R., Batzle, M., “Heavy Oils: Reservoir Characterization and Production Monitoring”, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2010.
- Dusseault, M.B., “CHOPS: Cold Heavy Oil Production with Sand in the Canadian Heavy Oil Industry”, Alberta Department of Energy (http://www.energy.alberta.ca/OilSands/1189.asp), 2002.