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Solids Dewatering-Transport-Disposal – Key Items and Technical Paper References (B-FSM-167)

This post concludes the discussion on solids dewatering-transport-disposal. This series was started with post B-FSM-152.

Key Takeaway Items from the D-T-D training Module

  1. All solids handling systems should start with identification of the proper disposal location
  2. Dewatering is removal of free liquids from sand slurry to minimize disposal volume
  • Open (non-hazardous) or closed (hazardous) dewatering systems
  1. Final disposal site determines transport method
  • As slurry in piping or as dewatered sand in bin/bag
  1. Four main groups of locations
  • Landfill disposal
  • Overboard discharge
  • Slurry fracture injection (SFI)
  • Unique methods
  1. Environmental regulations concerning specific contaminants is primary factor in disposal route


  1. Jones, F., Leuterman, A., and Still, I. 2002. “Discharge Practices and Standards for Offshore Operations around the World,” presented at the 7th International Petroleum Environmental Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, November 7-10, 2000.
  2. McLaury, B.S., and Shirazi. S.A. 1999. Generalization of API RP 14E for Erosive Service in Multiphase Production. Paper 56812 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 3-6 October.
  3. Melchor, A.E., da Costa, A., Rodriguez, C., Pena, J.R., “E&P Waste Management in the Orinoco Delta”, SPE Drilling & Completions, September 2002, 164-173.
  4. Rawlins, C.H., “The Subsea Sand Management Challenge: What to do with the sand?”, 6th European Sand Management Forum, Aberdeen, UK, March 26-27, 2014.
  5. Rawlins, C.H., “Design of a Cyclonic Solids Jetting Device and Slurry Transport System for Production Systems,” paper 166118-MS, SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, Sep 30-Oct 2, 2013.
  6. Rawlins, C.H., “Sand Management Methodologies for Sustained Facilities Operations,” paper 164645-MS, North Africa Technical Conference & Exhibition, Cairo, Egypt, Apr. 15-17, 2013.
  7. Rawlins, C.H., and Wang, I. I., “Design and Installation of a Sand Separation and Handling System for a Gulf of Mexico Oil Production Facility,” SPE Production and Facilities, paper 72999, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2001, pp. 134-140.
  8. Veil, J.A. 2001. “Offshore Waste Management-Discharge, Inject, or Haul to Shore?”, presented at the 8th International Petroleum Environmental Conference, Houston, TX, November 6-9.

Next week I will have a special announcement about an SPE Sand Management course coming up in March 2022.

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