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Step 5: Solids Transport to Disposal - Overview (B-FSM-163)

The final sand disposal site determines transport method.

As slurry in piping

  • To caisson for overboard discharge or to pump for slurry fracture injection
  • Design piping layout and flow for proper and efficient transport (FSM-M1)
  • Distance may be 3-100 meters

As dewatered sand in bin/bag

  • To crane, fork truck, skip, ship, or transport vehicle
  • Lifting requirements from 1-3 metric tons
  • Allow room for bin/bag change-out

Typically batch transport – even as slurry

  • Match timing with transport of other solids/waste such as from drilling
  • Match timing for ship-to-shore so some storage may be required


  1. Rawlins, C.H. and Wang, I. 2001. “Design and Installation of a Sand-Separation and -Handling System for a Gulf of Mexico Oil Production Facility”. SPE Production and Facilities, August, pp. 134-140. https://doi.org/10.2118/72999-PA
  2. Rawlins, C.H. 2019. “Enhanced Production Through Surface Facilities Sand Management.” SPE Distinguished Lecturer presentation. Link here
  3. Rawlins, C.H. “What to do with Produced Solids after Separation: Dewatering, Transport, and Disposal.”. White Paper Publication, eProcess Technologies. Link here

Next week I will show examples of solids transport methods.

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